European Respiratory Journal
Volume 27, Issue 5, May 2006, Pages 983-991
Noninvasive detection of expiratory flow limitation in COPD patients during nasal CPAP
Dellacà, R.L, Rotger, M.S, Aliverti, A., Navajas, D., Pedotti, A., Farré, R.
The difference between mean inspiratory and expiratory respiratory reactance (ΔX̄rs) measured with forced oscillation technique (FOT) at 5 Hz allows the detection of expiratory flow limitation (EFL) in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients breathing spontaneously. This aim of this study was to evaluate whether this approach can be applied to COPD patients during noninvasive pressure support. ΔX̄rs was measured in seven COPD patients subjected to nasal continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) at 0, 4, 8 and 12 cmH20 in sitting and supine positions. Simultaneous recording of oesophageal pressure and the Mead and Whittenberger (M-W) method provided a reference for scoring each breath as flow-limited (FL), non-flow-limited (NFL) or indeterminate (I). For each patient, six consecutive breaths were analysed for each posture and CPAP level. According to M-W scoring, 47 breaths were FL, 166 NFL and 51 I. EFL scoring using FOT coincided with M-W in 94.8% of the breaths. In the four patients who were FL in at least one condition, ΔX̄rs was reduced with increasing CPAP. These data suggest that the forced oscillation technique may be useful in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients on nasal pressure support by identifying continuous positive airway pressure levels that support breathing without increasing lung volume, which in turn increase the work of breathing and reduce muscle effectiveness and efficiency.
Forced oscillation technlque; Noninvasive mechanical ventilation; Respiratory system reactance; Within-breath impedance